Laboratory of agrochemistry

Vasily Leonidovich MAKHONIN

Head of the laboratory of agrochemistry
PhD in agriculture


Laboratory of agrochemistry provides and carries out research work on the study of mineral nutrition and development and improvement of elements of oil crops cultivation technology aimed at realizing the biological potential of new varieties, increasing their yield and production efficiency, conservation and improvement of soil fertility and environmental safety of agricultural production.

The main objectives of the laboratory of agrochemistry are:

- conducting research work to improve the efficiency of oil crops production based on the optimization of mineral nutrition using mineral, organomineral, organic and microbiological fertilizers, ameliorants and biologically active substances;

- study of the peculiarities of the mineral nutrition of oil crops;

- study of microorganisms and microbiocenoses of soils and peculiarities of plant-microbial associations of oil crops;

- studying the complex of agricultural practices aimed at preserving and improving soil fertility;

- study of varietal cultivation techniques to develop agroecological passports of new varieties, hybrids and parental forms of hybrids of sunflower and other oil crops;

- testing and expert evaluation of the economic efficiency of new agrochemicals on oil crops.


Historical background


The first scientific research in the field of oil crops in Kuban began in 1930 under the leadership of Z. S. Kuvika. They studied types, doses, and forms of fertilizers for sunflower, castor bean, and peanut, as well as inoculation of soybean seeds with rhizobial microorganisms. After the establishment of the All-Russian Research Institute of Oil Crops in 1932, extensive research on the response of sunflower, castor bean, oil flax, mustard, and peanut to the application of doses and forms of mineral and local fertilizers was begun in the field of agrochemistry and soil science (Z. S. Kuvika), dynamics of soil moisture and nutrients under oil crops (S. F. Negovelov), physical and chemical properties of chernozem and microbiological processes in soil (T. T. Demidenko, I. S. Kiselev, M. G. Tyagny-Ryadno), fertilizers for oil crops (I. S. Kiselev), peculiarities of fertilizer application in rotation with oil crops (Z. S. Kuvika, A. A. Khotin), the effect of perennial grasses in grass-field crop rotation on soil fertility and crop productivity (B. K. Ignatyev), the peculiarities of mineral nutrition elements consumption by oil crops (T. T. Demidenko, R. A. Barinova, V. P. Golle, N. M. Rukhlyadeva). The efficiency of mineral fertilizer application on sunflower in different growing areas was studied (B. K. Ignatiev and V. A. Pavlenko, 1959; D. N. Belevtsev, 1962; N. T. Agarkova, 1965; B. K. Ignatiev, 1967; P. A. Buzinov, N. T. Agarkova, L. G. Storozhenko, 1968), the dynamics of the group composition of phosphates in the soil was studied (A. I. Kosolapova, 1972), optimal doses of fertilizers for crops were determined (B. K. Ignatiev, 1975; A. I. Lukashev, 1983), a local method of fertilizer application simultaneously with sunflower sowing was developed (V. P. Suetov, 1968; A. I. Lukashev, N. M. Tishkov, N. N. Pryadko, 1980; N. M. Tishkov, 1982), plant fertilization with LCF (G. I. Eremin, 1990), a system of sunflower fertilization based on the results of soil and plant diagnostics (A. I. Lukashev, N. M. Tishkov, V. P. Suetov et al, 1986; S. V. Cheshenko, 1995). In the long-term stationary field experiment with oil crops, established in 1964 by B. K. Ignatyev, the balance of humus and mineral nutrition elements of plants and the composition and functioning features of soil microbiocenosis depending on the doses and types of applied fertilizers, the formation of productivity of sunflower, soybean, castor, joint sowings of soybean with corn and winter wheat (B. K. Ignatiev, 1964-1975; N. T. Agarkova, 1965-1979; L. I. Tokareva, 1966-1976; V. A. Pavlenko, 1976-1981; N. M. Tishkov, 1974-1992).

Studies on the agrochemical justification of liquid complex fertilizers for sunflower (A. I. Lukashev, N. M. Tishkov, G. I. Eremin, 1988), on sunflower fertilization using soil and plant diagnostic methods (A. I. Lukashev, N. M. Tishkov, G. I. Eremin, S. V. Cheshenko et al., 1988, 1990) were conducted.

Since 1978, the laboratory of agrochemistry has conducted research on the response of sunflower varieties and hybrids, oil flax varieties, and soybean varieties to fertilization (A. I. Lukashev, N. M. Tishkov, N. N. Pryadko, 1980; A. I. Lukashev, V. P. Suetov, 1980; V. P. Suetov, S. M. Polyanskaya, 1983; G. I. Eremin, 1986; A. I. Lukashev, N. M. Tishkov, V. P. Suetov et al, 1986; N. M. Tishkov, A. I. Lukashev, G. I. Eremin, 1990; N. M. Tishkov, N. G. Mikhailuchenko and I. V. Shvedov, 1996; N. M. Tishkov, 1997; N. M. Tishkov and A. V. Gorshkov, 1999; N. M. Tishkov and V. I. Veter, 1999; N. M. Tishkov, A. S. Bushnev and I. I. Shulyak and V. I. Veter, 2001; N. M. Tishkov, A. S. Bushnev and I. I. Shulyak, 2002; N. M. Tishkov and A. S. Bushnev, 2003; N. M. Tishkov, N. G. Mikhaylyuchenko and V. I. Veter, 2005; N. M. Tishkov, N. G. Mikhaylyuchenko and A. A. Dryakhlov, 2007. N. M. Tishkov, A. A. Dryakhlov, 2008; N. M. Tishkov, A. N. Nazarko, 2011, 2012; N. M. Tishkov, A. A. Goncharov, 2011; N. M. Tishkov, A. A. Dryakhlov, 2013; N. M. Tishkov, A. A. Dryakhlov, 2014; N. M. Tishkov, A. A. Dryakhlov, V. N. Sliussarev, 2014; N. M. Tishkov, A. A. Dryakhlov, 2015, 2016; N. M. Tishkov, V. A. Tilba, A. A. Dryakhlov, 2017; V. A. Tilba, N. M. Tishkov, M. V. Shkarupa, 2017; N. M. Tishkov, R. V. Pikhtyarev, 2019; N. M. Tishkov, V. L. Makhonin, V. V. Nosov, 2019; V. A. Tilba, N. M. Tishkov, V. L. Makhonin, and M. V. Shkarupa, 2022; N. M. Tishkov, V. A. Tilba, V. L. Makhonin, A. I. Yakubovskaya et al., 2022).