In 2019, the gross yield of soybean in Russia exceeded 4.3 million tons of beans. It was a record for our country, but not the limit! The industry’s potential allows for much larger yields. Technologies are being improved, new means of protection are appearing, and the breeding process is developing. At the same time, foreign seed companies are actively getting into the domestic market. What is the difference between Russian and foreign soybean varieties? What are the directions of modern breeding? And, most importantly, what should be its future?